ABOAB, ISAAC II


ABOAB, ISAAC II
ABOAB, ISAAC II (1433–1493), rabbinical scholar. Known as the "last gaon of Castile," Aboab was a disciple of isaac canpanton and head of the Toledo Yeshivah. joseph caro refers to him as one of the greatest scholars of his time. During the final years before the expulsion from Spain he headed a yeshivah in Guadalajara, where, in 1491, isaac abrabanel studied with him. When the edict of expulsion was issued against the Jews of Spain in 1492, Aboab and other prominent Jews   went to Portugal to negotiate with King João II regarding the admission of a number of Spanish exiles into his country. He and 30 other householders were authorized to settle in Oporto where he died seven months later; a eulogy was delivered by his pupil Abraham Zacuto. He had two sons: JACOB, who ultimately settled in Constantinople where he published in 1538 his father's Nehar Pishon, and ABRAHAM, one of the forced converts of 1497 who retained their Jewish loyalties in secret. Abraham adopted the name Duarte Dias, and many of his descendants returned to Judaism (see aboab Family). Isaac Aboab's published works include the following: (1) a super-commentary on Naḥmanides' commentary on the Pentateuch (Constantinople, 1525; Venice, 1548, etc.); (2) Nehar Pishon, homilies on the Pentateuch and other biblical books, edited by his son Jacob (Constantinople, 1538); (3) talmudic excursuses (Shitot) and novellae (those to Beẓah were published in the responsa of Moses Galante (Venice, 1608) and Sefer Shitot ha-Kadmonim (1959); those to Bava Meẓia are quoted by Bezalel Ashkenazi in his Shitah Mekubbeẓet); (4) responsa, appended to Sheva Einayim (Leghorn, 1745). Oxford and Cambridge manuscripts contain some of his novellae (on Ketubbot and Kiddushin), as well as homilies. A commentary on Jacob b. Asher's Arba'ah Turim, quoted and used by Joseph Caro and later authorities, and a commentary on Rashi (on the Pentateuch), as well as many responsa, are no longer extant. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Graetz, Gesch, 82 (c. 19004), 218, 330, 348; Weiss, Dor, 5 (19044); Loewenstein, in: MGWJ, 48 (1904), 663–6; Roth, in: JQR, 23 (1932/33), 121–62; A. Marx, Studies in Jewish History and Booklore (1944), 80, 85, 88–89, 431–2; idem, in: JQR, 20 (1907/08), 240–71 (add. and corr., ibid., 2 (1911), 237–8). (Zvi Avneri)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABOAB, ISAAC I — (end of the 14th century), rabbinic author and preacher; probably lived in Spain. His father seems to have been called Abraham and may have been the Abraham Aboab to whom judah b. asher of Toledo (d. 1349) addressed responsa (Zikhron Yehudah, 53a …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aboab, Isaac —    1) (fl. 14th cent.)    Spanish writer on ethics. He collected aggadic teaching and homiletical literature concerned with Jewish ethics in the Candlestick of Light.    2) (1433 93)    Spanish rabbinic scholar. He is known as the last gaon of… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • ABOAB, ISAAC DE MATTATHIAS — (1631–1707), Dutch Sephardi scholar. His father Manuel Dias Henriques (1594–1667) was born in Oporto into a Marrano family, a descendant of isaac aboab II. After escaping from the Inquisition in Mexico he reverted to Judaism as Mattathias Aboab… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aboab, Isaac de Fonseca — (1605 93)    Portuguese rabbi. He was the first rabbi in the western hemisphere. Born a marrano in Portugal, he emigrated to Holland. In 1641 he travelled to Recife, Brazil. He later went to Amsterdam where he was appointed hakham. He was a… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Isaac Aboab da Fonseca — (Portugal, 1605 Amsterdam, 1693) a été rabbin de Recife au Brésil de 1642 à 1653 et, à ce titre, est le premier rabbin à la tête d une communauté établie aux Amériques[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac I. Aboab — Isaac Aboab (Isaac I. Aboab, auch Isaak Aboab) war ein um 1300 in Spanien lebender und wirkender religiös ethischer Autor aus sefardischer Familie. Bekannt wurde er vor allem durch sein Werk Menorat ha Maor ( Leuchter des Leuchtens ), ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Aboab — (* 1433 in Toledo, Spanien; † 1493) war ein kastilischer Rabbiner und Gaon. Er ist der Autor eines Superkommentars zu Nachmanides. Er musste 1492 auf Grund der Vertreibung aller Juden aus Spanien durch das Alhambra Edikt von Isabella von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABOAB — ABOAB, Spanish family whose descendants remained prominent among the Sephardim of the Mediterranean world as well as in the ex Marrano communities of Northern Europe. The origin of the name is obscure. The family produced many outstanding Jewish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Isaac Aboab I — Not to be confused with Isaac Aboab da Fonseca or Isaac Aboab of Castile. Isaac Aboab (fl. end of the 14th century) was a Jewish Talmudic scholar. He was also known by the pen name Menorat ha Maor or Menoras HaMaor, a work which he authored …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Aboab — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español


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